Hans Kraus, physician, rock climber
Known as the American “Father of Sports Medicine”
Kraus was an Associate Professor at the State University of New York Downstate Medical Center College of Medicine. His studies on children led to President Dwight D. Eisenhower establishing the President’s Council on Physical Fitness and Sports. He treated President John F. Kennedy’s for back pain and treated celebrities including Arthur Godfrey and Katharine Hepburn.
Attended medical school in Vienna in the 1920s, becoming an orthopedic surgeon.
Contrary to traditional medicine, developed method known as “immediate mobilization” in treatment.
Developed a progressive understanding of the underlying causes of back pain after suspecting that muscular imbalance was a contributing factor of back pain.
Co-developed the Kraus-Weber test in the early 1950’s that showed that American youth were seriously deficient in muscle strength and muscle flexibility.
Elected U.S. National Ski Hall of Fame in 1974.
Authored the book, Backache, Stress and Tension: Their Cause, Prevention and Treatment