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About 360 Training and Performance

Exercisereports.com 360 training has two main components: (1) Understanding motion in all 360 degrees in human anatomical reference planes, and (2) understanding feedback from multiple internal and external sources.

Training in 3D
Body reference in anatomy and motion studies is described in three ‘cardinal’ planes: frontal plane, sagittal plane and transverse plane. The musculoskeletal system involves the initiation and control of human motion and performance with bones moved as levers in degrees of motion. Singularly, joints have a range of motion that limits the amount of motion of certain body parts, but the sum of multiple body parts allows motion in all planes. Complete physical training progresses to performance in all 360 degrees of motion in the cardinal planes and in combinations of the planes.



The Frontal or Coronal plane, the Sagittal Plane, and the Transverse or Horizontal Plane.

Training in 360 degrees of motions helps prevent injuries and improve performance. Training without attention to motion in multiple planes limits performance potential in real, functional sports and daily activities.

360 Feedback
Training with feedback from multiple sources is known as 360-Degree Feedback or Multi-rater Feedback. Technically, feedback can come from subordinates (fans), peers (teammates and opponents), and supervisors (coaches and support staff). Performance in sports involves sensing multiple feedback cues to handle incoming information from opponents, objects and the physical arena. Cues are internal and external. Real-time performance involves sensing muscle tension (internal cue) on contact with the ground — for example, the foot strike in any sport that involves running. Joint stability is also sensed internally. Exertion fatigue or level of exhaustion is also detected. Instantly, the athlete reacts with control by contracting muscles to stabilize and coordinate motion to adjust to new conditions. External cues include reacting to coach instructions, opponent behavior, etc.

Training and performance that involves critique and feedback from multiple expert specialists can bring optimal performance or can cause confusion, conflicts and degradation of performance. For example, a football player might receive training feedback from a head coach, defensive coach, athletic trainer, personal physician, team physician, and strength and conditioning coach or personal trainer, and nutritionist.

360 training and feedback succeeds by causing the body to successfully adjust and adapt to best handle new conditions and situations.

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