Arnold Schwarzenneger, bodybuilder, actor, politician
Observations: From photos: Arnold appears to have maintained good musculature, but shows signs of abdominal fat and physical fitness deconditioning and sagging loose skin associated with normal aging. In Schwarzenegger.com (official website) Schwarzenegger’s cardiac surgeon Dr. Vaughn A. Starnes confirmed that two human homograft valves were used to correct a congenital defect, that is, a defect that did not result from the use of anabolic steroids. The heart valve replacement surgery was successful and the valves are expected to last longer than pig valves that were falsely reported to be used to replace Arnold’s own defective valves in a Premiere magazine article. Schwarzenegger has occasionally been observed smoking cigars.
Recommendations for the general population: Keep up with recommended checkups by your physician. Follow the exercise prescription designed by your physician to maintain proper health of the heart valve replacements. Hopefully, exercise frequently and regularly with cardio and progressive strength training — following the intensity guidelines from your physician. Strive for caloric balance for energy intake and energy expenditure to maintain or lower body weight and improve body composition. Get the recommended wellness checkups for your age — with special vigilance to any cancers that could be related to known or unknown effects of hormone treatments, such as anabolic steroids. Abstain from smoking.