Categorized | Performance

George Mitchell Report: Steroids, Human Growth Hormone, Full List of Baseball Players Linked to Performance Enhancing Drugs

Senate Majority Leader George Mitchell, hired by commissioner Bud Selig to examine steroids in baseball has released The Mitchell Report — a 409-page report of information that concludes that steroids are rampant in baseball. All thirty baseball teams were affected by the scandal.

There’s an All-Star associated with drug use at every position. Some were linked to Human Growth Hormone, others to steroids.

Rick Ankiel
Roger Clemens
Eric Gagne
Jason Giambi
Troy Glaus
Jose Guillen
Paul Lo Duca
Gary Matthews Jr.
Andy Pettitte
Brian Roberts
Miguel Tejada
Full list below …

Players were linked to drug use in various ways—some were identified as users, some as buyers and some referenced from media reports and other investigations. Jose Canseco’s book “Juiced” also was cited.

Baseball Commissioner Bud Selig in a press conference at: Three Steps for Resolution Underway:

1. Embrace recommendations of Senator Mitchell (Mitchell made 20 recommendations).

2. Active players on the list will acted upon on a case-by-case basis. Any discipline will be made public.

3. Continue to find ways to detect and get rid of performance-enhancing drugs.

Already banned: Steroid, amphetamines and human growth hormone. New resources will be reserved for finding ways to detect and combat use of human growth hormone. Human Growth Hormone is not listed in The Partnership for a Drug-Free America Drug Guide on drugfree.com. Anabolic steroids are banned by all major sports bodies including the Olympics, the NBA, the NHL, as well as the NFL.

Baseball players have moved from steroids to human growth hormone, which is harder to detect. Commissioner Bud Selig implied in today’s press conference that Human Growth Hormone was almost impossible to detect (futile or hopeless). However, the World Anti-Doping Agency has the following information on their website:

Project: “Determination of Inter-Day Variations in hGH Markers in Athletes”

Human growth hormone (hGH) is assumed to be abused as an anabolic
hormone among athletes to enhance their physical performance.
 
Several methods to detect hGH doping are under development, among
others the “Marker approach”.
 
Application of hGH effectuates a number of processes in the organism, which
can lead to changes in the concentration of peptides and proteins.  Some of
these parameters measurable in serum are insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-
I), acid labile subunit (ALS), IGF-binding protein-3, N-terminal propeptide of
the type III procollagen (PIIINP), crosslinks (ICTP) and osteocalcin.
 
The concentration of these markers vary inter-individually.  Therefore it is
impossible to discriminate between treated and untreated athletes using only
one of these markers.  As a consequence, it is necessary to calculate a
discriminant function combining some of these parameters.  As a result of
our hGH application study with 15 athletes, we published recently a
discriminant function which separated hGH-treated and placebo-treated
subjects clearly. [Emphasis added.]
 
On the other hand there are indications that some markers are influenced by
physical activities.  As shown in some studies, acute physical stress
influences the levels of these markers not very strong and only temporarily,
but there are no data concerning the effects on long-term variation in
physical stress (e.g. changes in intensity, category of physical activity,
intermission and restart of training) on the parameters until now.
 
The proposed study will give information about the long-term intra-individual
variations of hGH markers and about the effects of long-term changes in
physical activities on the hGH marker level.

WADA has received criticism from the National Football League Players Association executive director Gene Upshaw. When asked if the NFL will use WADA tests on NFL players, he stated “I have no confidence in WADA or their kits. I have my doubts about WADA and their history. I am not willing to accept them as an authority on this.” He wrote in an e-mail to The Charlotte Observer in January 2007.


The full alphabetical list of baseball players connected to steroids by use or possession:

Chad Allen :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Mike Bell :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News … other players with same name*
Gary Bennett :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Larry Bigbie :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Ricky Bones :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Kevin Brown :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News … other players with same name*
Ken Caminiti :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Mark Carreon :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Jason Christiansen :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Howie Clark :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Roger Clemens :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Paxton Crawford :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Jack Cust :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Brendan Donnelly :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Chris Donnels :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Lenny Dykstra :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Matt Franco :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Eric Gagne :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Jason Grimsley :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Matt Herges :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Phil Hiatt :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Paul Lo Duca :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Ryan Franklin :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Glenallen Hill :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Jerry Hairston :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Todd Hundley :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
David Justice :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Chuck Knoblauch :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Tim Laker :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Mike Lansing :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Exavier “Nook” Logan :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Josias Manzanillo :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Cody McKay :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Kent Mercker :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Bart Miadich :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Hal Morris :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Denny Neagle :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Rafael Palmeiro :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Jim Parque :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Andy Pettitte :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Luis Perez :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Adam Piatt :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Todd Pratt :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Stephen Randolph :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Adam Riggs :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Brian Roberts :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
F.P. Santangelo :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
David Segui :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Mike Stanton :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Ricky Stone :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Miguel Tejada :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Derrick Turnbow :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Mo Vaughn :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Ron Villone :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Fernando Vina :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Rondell White :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Jeff Williams :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Todd Williams :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Kevin Young :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News
Gregg Zaun :: Baseball-Reference.com | Wikipedia | Google News

Alphabetical list of baseball players cited under “Alleged Internet Purchases of Perfor
mance Enhancing Substances By Players in Major League Baseball.”

Rick Ankiel
David Bell
Paul Byrd
Jose Canseco
Jay Gibbons
Troy Glaus
Jason Grimsley
Jose Guillen
Darren Holmes
Gary Matthews Jr.
John Rocker
Scott Schoeneweis
Ismael Valdez
Matt Williams
Steve Woodard

Alphabetical list of baseball players linked through Bay Area Laboratory Co-operative (BALCO):
Marvin Benard
Barry Bonds
Bobby Estalella
Jason Giambi
Jeremy Giambi
Benito Santiago
Gary Sheffield
Randy Velarde

* Please note that extra care was taken to get the right detail for players with common names, but that errors are possible where Exercise-Reports.com may have referenced the wrong player with the same name as the alleged steroid or human growth hormone-related baseball player. Also each player may or may not have been actually convicted of steroid/human growth hormone/drug use or related allegations and are not actually guilty unless they have been convicted in a court of law. In other words, Exercise-reports.com is not reporting that these players are guilty. Exercise-Reports.com is reporting that each player was on the list in the Mitchell Report.

George Mitchell is a director of the Boston Red Sox, and some questioned the occurrence of conflict of interest.

More information …
Major League Baseball — mlb.com
Partnership for a Drugfree America — Drugfree.org
Major League Baseball Players Association — mlbplayers.com
Example Bodybuilding Supplement Forum: anabolicminds.com

The World Anti-Doping Agency maintains a “Prohibited List” on the official website (wada-ama.org). The Prohibited List (List) was first published in 1963 under the leadership of the International Olympic Committee. Since 2004, as mandated by the World Anti-Doping Code (Code), WADA is responsible for the preparation and publication of the List.

The List is a cornerstone of the Code and a key component of harmonization.

The Prohibited Substance List is an International Standard identifying Substances and Methods prohibited in-competition, out-of-competition, and in particular sports.

Substances and methods are classified by categories (e.g., steroids, stimulants, gene doping).

The use of any Prohibited Substance by an athlete for medical reasons is possible by virtue of a Therapeutic Use Exemption.

Keywords: steroids, human growth hormone, anabolic steroids, testosterone, supplements, urine test, drug test, MLB, Major League Baseball, retired, active players, inactive players

List of names related to anabolic steroids (trademark names in parentheses):
Androstan (carbon 19 present): Androstadienone • Boldenone undecylenate (Equipoise) • 4-Chlordehydromethyltestosterone (Turinabol) • Clostebol • Desoxymethyltestosterone (Madol) • DHEA • DHT • Drostanolone (Masteron) • Fluoxymesterone (Halotestin) • Furazabol (Miotolan) • Methandrostenolone (Dianabol) • Methenolone • Mesterolone (Proviron) • Methenolone enanthate (Primobolan) • Mestanolone • Norethandrolone • Oxandrolone (Anavar) • Oxymetholone (Anadrol) • Oxymetholone (Anadrol-50) • Quinbolone (Anabolicum Vister) • Stanozolol (Winstrol) • Testosterone

Estren (carbon 19 absent):    Ethylestrenol • Mibolerone (Cheque Drops) • Nandrolone (Deca Durabolin) • Norbolethone (Genabol) • Oxabolone cipionate • Tetrahydrogestrinone (The Clear) • Trenbolone (Fina)

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